AMERICAN INDIAN AREA
There are both legal and statistical American Indian entities for which the U.S.
Census Bureau provides data for Census 2000. The legal entities consist of
federally recognized American Indian reservations and off-reservation trust land
areas, the tribal subdivisions that can divide these entities, state recognized
American Indian reservations. The statistical entities are tribal designated
statistical areas, and state designated American Indian statistical areas.
In all cases, these areas are mutually exclusive in that no American Indian home
land can overlap another tribal entity, except for tribal subdivisions, which
subdivide some American Indian entities. In some cases where more than one
tribe claims jurisdiction over an area, the U.S. Census Bureau creates a joint use
area as a separate entity to define this area of dual claims. The following provides
more detail about each of the various American Indian areas.
American Indian Reservation
Federal American Indian reservations are areas with boundaries established by
treaty, statute, and/or executive or court order, and, along with off-reservation
trust lands, are recognized by the federal government as territory in which
American Indian tribes have primary governmental authority. The U.S. Census
Bureau contacts representatives of American Indian tribal governments to identify
the boundaries for federal reservations.
State reservations are lands held in trust by state governments for the use and
benefit of a given tribe. A governor-appointed state liaison provides the names
and boundaries for state reservations. The names of American Indian reservations
recognized by state governments, but not by the federal government, are followed
by (State) in the data presentations.
Federal reservations may cross state boundaries, and federal and state
reservations may cross county, county subdivision, and place boundaries. For
reservations that cross state boundaries, only the portions of the reservations in a
given state are shown in the data products for that state. Lands that are
administered jointly and/or are claimed by two tribes, whether federally or state
recognized, are called joint use areas and are treated as if they are separate
American Indian reservations for decennial census data presentation purposes.
The entire reservations are shown in data products for the United States. The
U.S. Census Bureau first provided data for American Indian reservations in the
American Indian reservations are known as colonies, communities, pueblos,
rancherias, ranches, reservations, reserves, tribal towns, and tribal villages. Each
federal American Indian reservation is assigned a four-digit census code ranging
from 0001 through 4999. These census codes are assigned in alphabetical order
of American Indian reservation names nationwide, except that joint use areas
appear at the end of the code range. Each state American Indian reservation is
assigned a four-digit census code ranging from 9000 through 9499. Each
American Indian reservation also is assigned a five-digit Federal Information
Processing Standards (FIPS) code; because FIPS codes are assigned in
alphabetical sequence within each state, the FIPS code is different in each state
for reservations that include territory in more than one state.
American Indian Off-Reservation Trust Land
Off-reservation trust lands, along with reservation lands, constitute the territory
over which American Indian tribes have primary governmental authority. Trust
land is property associated with a particular American Indian reservation or tribe,
held in trust by the federal government. Trust land may be held in trust either for
a tribe (tribal trust land) or for an individual member of a tribe (individual trust land).
Trust lands recognized in data tabulations are always off-reservation; that is, they
comprise all tribal and individual trust lands located outside of a reservation
boundary. Such trust lands may be located in more than one state. Only the
portions of off-reservation trust lands in a given state are shown in the data
products for that state; all off-reservation trust lands associated with a reservation
or tribe are shown in data products for the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau
first provided trust land data for off-reservation tribal trust lands in the 1980 census;
in 1990, the trust land data included both tribal and individual trust lands. The U.S.
Census Bureau does not identify restricted fee land or land in fee simple status as a
specific geographic category.
In decennial census data tabulations, off-reservation trust lands are assigned a
four-digit census code and a five-digit Federal Information Processing Standards
(FIPS) code that is the same as that for the reservation with which they are
associated. As with reservations, FIPS codes for off-reservation trust lands are
unique within state, so they will differ if they extend into more than one state. The
FIPS codes for such off-reservation trust lands are the same as those for the
associated reservation. In the TIGER/Line products, a letter code-"T" for tribal
and "I" for individual-identifies off-reservation trust lands. In decennial census data
tabulations, a trust land flag uniquely identifies off-reservation trust lands. Printed
reports show separate tabulations for all off-reservation trust land areas, but do not
provide separate tabulations for the tribal versus individual trust lands. Trust lands
associated with tribes that do not have a reservation are presented and coded by
tribal name, interspersed alphabetically among the reservation names.
State Designated American Indian Statistical Area (SDAISA)
State designated American Indian statistical areas (SDAISAs) are statistical entities
for state recognized American Indian tribes that do not have a state recognized
land base (reservation). SDAISAs are identified and delineated for the U.S. Census
Bureau by a state liaison identified by the governor's office in each state. SDAISAs
generally encompass a compact and contiguous area that contains a concentration
of individuals who identify with a state recognized American Indian tribe and in which
there is structured or organized tribal activity. A SDAISA may not be located in more
than one state unless the tribe is recognized by both states, and it may not include
area within an American Indian reservation, off-reservation trust land, Alaska Native
village statistical area, tribal designated statistical area (TDSA), or Oklahoma tribal
The U.S. Census Bureau established SDAISAs as a new geographic statistical entity
for Census 2000 to differentiate between state recognized tribes without a land base
and federally recognized tribes without a land base. For the 1990 census, all such
tribal entities had been identified as TDSAs.
Each SDAISA is assigned a four-digit census code ranging from 9500 through 9999
in alphabetical sequence of SDAISA name nationwide. Each SDAISA also is
assigned a five-digit Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) code in
alphabetical order within state.
Tribal Designated Statistical Area (TDSA)
Tribal designated statistical areas (TDSAs) are statistical entities identified and
delineated for the U.S. Census Bureau by federally recognized American Indian tribes
that do not currently have a federally recognized land base (reservation or
off-reservation trust land). A TDSA encompasses a compact and contiguous area
that contains a concentration of individuals who identify with a federally recognized
American Indian tribe and in which there is structured or organized tribal activity. A
TDSA may be located in more than one state, and it may not include area within an
American Indian reservation, off-reservation trust land, Alaska Native village statistical
area, state designated American Indian statistical area (SDAISA), or Oklahoma tribal
The U.S. Census Bureau first reported data for TDSAs in conjunction with the 1990
census, when both federally and state recognized tribes could identify and delineate
TDSAs. TDSAs now apply only to federally recognized tribes. State recognized tribes
without a land base, including those that were TDSAs in 1990, are identified as state
designated American Indian statistical areas (SDAISAs), a new geographic entity for
Each TDSA is assigned a four-digit census code ranging from 8000 through 8999 in
alphabetical sequence of TDSA name nationwide. Each TDSA also is assigned a
five-digit Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) code in alphabetical order
within state; because FIPS codes are assigned within each state, the FIPS code is
different in each state for TDSAs that extend into more than one state.
Miccosukee Indian Information
Tamiami Trail Reservation
The Tamiami Trail Reservation Area, which consists of four parcels of land, is located
forty miles west of Miami and is presently the site of most Tribal operations. The Tamiami
Trail Reservation is also the center of the Miccosukee Indian population.
The first parcel is 33.3 acres (5 miles long, 500 feet deep) and is under a 50-year Use
Permit from the National Park Service, which expires on January 24, 2014. The other
three parcels of land which are roughly 600' x 65' are on the north side of Tamiami Trail
(U.S. 41). These small plots of land were originally dedicated to the Miccosukee by the
State of Florida and have since acquired Federal Reservation Status. These areas are
used for commercial development, which is prohibited in the National Park Service Use
Permit Area. Nevertheless, land use is planned with careful foresight, as all lands of the
Miccosukee require special environmental consideration.
The Tribe also has a perpetual lease from the State of Florida for 189,000 acres, which
is part of the South Florida Water Management District's Water Conservation Area 3A
South. The Tribe is allowed to use this land for the purpose of hunting, fishing, frogging,
subsistence agriculture and to carry on the traditional Miccosukee way of life.
Alligator Alley Reservation
Alligator Alley is the largest of the Tribe's reservations, comprising 74,812.37 acres. It is
located west of Ft. Lauderdale, lying north and south of State Highway 84 (Alligator Alley).
This land consists of 20,000 acres of lands with potential for development and 55,000 acres
of wetlands. The 20,000 acres of lands for development contain a modern Service Station
Plaza that was built and operated by the Tribe to accommodate those traveling along SR 84;
a Miccosukee Police Substation and 13,000 acres of land that is leased for cattle grazing.
The Tribe has also issued temporary Occupancy and Access Permits to non-Indians for the
purpose of maintaining their hunting camps on 15,000 acres of Tribal wetlands. Plans are
currently underway for additional commercial and agricultural development as well as
community facilities and home sites.
Krome Avenue Reservation
There are two reservations located at the intersection of Krome Avenue and Tamiami Trail.
The first reservation area is comprised of 25 acres located on the northwest corner of the
intersection and is the site of the 56,000 square foot, state-of-the-art Miccosukee Indian
Gaming Facility and the new Miccosukee Resort & Convention Center. The second
reservation area is .92 acres located on the southwest corner of the intersection and is the
site of the Miccosukee Tobacco Shop.
Poarch Band of Creek Indians
The Poarch Band of Creek Indians is the only federally recognized Indian Tribe in the state
of Alabama, operating as a sovereign nation with its own system of government and bylaws.
The Tribe operates a variety of economic enterprises, which employ hundreds of area
residents. Poarch Creek Indian Gaming manages three gaming facilities in Alabama, including:
the Creek Entertainment Center in Atmore; Riverside Entertainment Center in Wetumpka; and,
Tallapoosa Entertainment Center in Montgomery. The Poarch Band of Creek Indians is an
active partner in the state of Alabama, contributing to economic, educational, social and
cultural projects benefiting both tribal members and residents of these local communities and
Seminole Indian Information
Big Cypress Reservation
As an educational tool for both tribal members and the non-Seminole community, the Seminole
Tribe has opened a full-scale museum on the Big Cypress Reservation.
Billie Swamp Safari
Take a ride on a "swamp buggy", see native and exotic animals from around the world, sleep in
a Seminole chickee, listen to Indian folklore around the campfire, or skim across a
grass-and-water world in an airboat. If you're ready for a break from the plastic world of
tourist attractions, try a day or night in Native Florida.
Big Cypress RV Resort
Nestled in the beautiful Florida Everglades, Big Cypress Campground is conveniently located
just an hour's drive from Miami, Fort Lauderdale, or Naples.
Big Cypress Citrus
Big Cypress Citrus Grove operates under the direction of the Seminole Tribe of Florida
Swamp Water Cafe
Big Cypress Hunting Adventures
Hunt the Mysterious Lands of the Unconquered Seminoles deep in the unspoiled Big Cypress
Swamp, surrounded by the natural beauty of cypress heads, hardwood hammocks, pine islands and
wet prairies survive legends of the Seminoles.
Seminole Tribe Motocross
RX enthusiasts experience the largest lighted motocross track in the United States, the
Seminole Tribe would like to personally invite you to our 85 acre complex
* Indian arts & crafts shops
* Seminole Casino Brighton
The Seminole Casino Brighton is open 6 days a week, offering High Stakes Bingo,
Video Gaming Machines and Low Stakes Poker.
* Rodeo Arena
* Brighton Citrus
* Brighton Seminole Campground
Ft. Pierce Reservation
In 1995, fifty acres of St. Lucie County pine jungle were put into the trust of the United
States of America -- the sixth Florida Seminole Reservation. Soon, it will be home to two
dozen Seminole families, descendants of Seminole Indians who have lived in this area since
before the city or county were even named.
Here is a historic 1995 photo taken of former Chairman James Billie, U.S. Dept. of the
Interior officials and the future residents of the Fort Pierce Reservation on the day the
reservation land was signed into trust.
Seminole Tribe of Florida Headquarters
Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood
May 11, 2004 marked the grand opening of the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood.
Located at 1 Seminole Way. For more information call 800-937-0010.
Seminole Casino Hollywood
Seminole Casino Hollywood was the first high stakes operation in the country opening on
December 14, 1979 at 5:00pm.
Seminole Okalee Indian Village Catch a glimpse of our way of life in our traditional village
where various aspects of living, cooking, woodwork and doll making are demonstrated in a
"natural" setting located at the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino inside the Seminole Paradise.
Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum at Okalee Village
* Panther Hammock
Seminole Arts & Crafts Shop
* Seminole Native Arts & Crafts
* Seminole Casino - Immokalee
Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tampa
March 2004 the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino officially opened for business. Conveniently
located just off I-4 at North Orient Road on the Seminole Indian Reservation in Tampa. 5223 N.
Orient Road, Tampa, FL 33610.